Army of John Hunyadi and Matthias Corvinus

Become a Patron! Recruitment and organization John Hunyadi Both Hunyadis utilized army which was a combination of mercenaries and feudal banderia (banners – Exercitus Banderialis). Occassionally the army would be supplemented by Exercitus Generalis – a general call to arms, which would basically mean everyone capable of bearing arms. This Exercitus Generalis may be the... Continue Reading →

Campaigns of Matthias Corvinus

Become a Patron! After death of John Hunyadi, his enemies decided to use the opportunity. Ulrich of Celje saw an opportunity to become the most influential magnate of the kingdom, while vain and small-minded king Ladislaus saw disappearance of a moral vertical which overshadowed him. To Vienna arrived German crusaders, including Teutonic knights which had... Continue Reading →

Campaigns of John Hunyadi

Introduction Kingdom of Hungary and Croatia had provided a continuous defense of Western Europe against Ottoman expansion from Battle of Nicopolis in 1396. until Battle of Mohacs in 1526. During this time, external assistance was received only infrequently. With Franco-Burgundian military incompetence causing a disaster at Nicopolis, and Western Europe busy with its own matters,... Continue Reading →

Weapons and Armour Interaction

Weapons and armour historically interact in rather consistent ways. But fantasy often completely ignores this. It should be noted however that it is usually armour development – itself a result of development in metallurgy – that forces emphasis on a certain type of weapons; weapon development rarely drives armour development up until the appearance of... Continue Reading →

Correcting Reconstruction of Diocletian’s Palace

There are several things wrong with the reconstruction seen above. First, the location. Palace could not have been that close to the sea – under such conditions, sea will have broken against the foundations of the seaside wall, causing the entire southern wall of the palace, and both towers, to eventually collapse. Romans will have... Continue Reading →

War at Sea – Northern Cog

Overview After Roman hull-first construction techniques were abandoned and replaced with ribs-first construction, battering ram became useless as a weapon. As a result, naval action came to depend on missile exchange and boarding – only introduction of cannon saved galley as a ship of war in the Mediterranean (see "Galley vs sailing ship" post). In... Continue Reading →

Medieval weapons and body type

In historical fiction and fantasy, authors often make some assumptions about ideal weapons for a given body type. The idea that many subscribe to is very basic: close combat = large and muscular, ranged combat = skinny/lithe. That is why women (and elves) are given bows, while men (and dwarves) use a variety of close-combat... Continue Reading →

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